最近越來越常觀看美國大聯盟棒球比賽,
但總是對一些專業術語跟代碼的意思不太瞭解,
就上網找了一些.......

A/assists/助殺
AB/at bats/打數
1B/first baseman/一壘手
2B/second baseman/二壘手
3B/third baseman/三壘手
B/balls/壞球數
BA/batting average/打擊率
BB/bases on balls/四壞球
BF/batters faced/投球人次
BFS/batters faced per start/投手過勞指數
BK/Balks/投手犯規數
BS/blown saves /救援失敗
C/catcher/捕手
CF/center fielder/中外野手
CG/complete games/完投場次
CS/ caught stealing/盜壘失敗
DH/designated hitter/指定打擊
DL/disabled list/受傷名單
DP/double plays/雙殺
E/errors/失誤
ER/earned runs/投手責任失分
ERA/ earned run average/投手防禦率
FA/ free agents/自由球員
FB/fly balls hit against pitcher/投手被擊出飛球
FPCT/fielding percentage /守備率
G/games/出賽次數
GF/grounders to flies ratio/滾地球對飛球之比率
GB/games behind ; groundballs/球隊勝差 ; 投手被擊出滾地球
GDP/times grounded into double plays/擊出雙殺打的次數
GM/general manager/球隊總教練
GS/ games started /投手先發場次
GIDP/ Grounded Into Double Play/ 雙殺打
H/hits ; holds/安打 / 投手被安打 ; 中繼成功
HBP/hit by pitch/觸身球
HP/times hit by pitch/觸身球次數
HR/home runs/全壘打 ; 投手被全壘打
IBB/intentional bases on balls/故意四壞球
IF/infielder/ 內野手
IP/innings pitched/投球局數
IR/inherited runners /救援投手上場時已在壘上的跑者
INT/Interference/妨礙
IS/ inherited runners who scored/救援投手讓 IR 得分的數量
K/killed /三振 / 打擊手被三振
L/loses/敗投 / 敗場
LF/left fielder/左外野手
LOB/ left on bases /殘壘數
OB/妨礙跑壘
OBP/on base percentage/上壘率 / 投手被上壘率
OF/ outfielder /外野手
PA/plate appearances/打席
PO/put outs/使出局數
PPO/pitcher pickoffs/投手牽制成功數
PSS/ probability of a successful steal/盜壘成功率
R/runs/得分 / 投手失分
RBI/runs batted in/ 打者打點 / 投手被打點
RF/right fielder/右外野手
ROY/Rookie Of the Year/年度新人王
RPA/ run production average/攻分率
SB/stolen bases/盜壘成功 / 投手被盜壘數
SF/sacrifice flies/高飛犧牲打數 / 投手被高飛犧牲打數
SH/sacrifice hits/犧牲觸擊 / 投手被犧牲觸擊數
SHO/shoutouts/投手完封場數
SLG/slugging percentage/長打率 / 投手被長打率
SO/strike outs/三振 / 打擊手被三振
SP/save points/救援點
SS/shortstop/游擊手
SV/saves/救援成功
SVOP/ save opportunities /救援成功率
TA/total average/ 攻擊率
TB/total bases/壘打數
TBF/total batters faced/投球人次
TC/ total chances/守備機會
W/wins ; walks/勝投 / 勝場 ; 保送 / 打擊手被保送
WP/wild pitches/暴投
 
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總結歸納
 
打擊及防守部分:
AB/ At Bat = 上場打擊次數
SO(打者統計)/K(投手統計)/ Strike Out = 三振
H/ Hit = 安打數
DB/ Double/ 2 Base Hit = 二壘安打
TB/ Tripple/ 3 Base Hit = 三壘安打
HR/ HomeRun = 全壘打
R/ Run = 得分
RBI/ Runner Batted In = 打點
G/ Game/ GP/ Game Played = 出賽場數
SH/ Sacrifice Hi = 犧牲打
SF/ Sacrifice Fly = 高飛犧牲打
FO/ Fly Out = 飛球
GO/ Ground Out = 滾地球
SB/ Steal Base = 盜壘
DPB/ Double Play Bat = 雙殺打
SLG/ Sluggling Percentage= 長打率
AVG/ Batting Average = 打擊率
OBP/ On Base Percentage = 上壘率
GWH/ Game Wining Hit = 勝利打點
E/ Error = 失誤
DP/ Double Play = 雙殺
TP/ Tripple Play = 三殺
CS/ Caught Stealing = 阻殺
A/ Assist = 助殺
FLD/ Fielding Percentage = 守備率
Hit a Cycle: 完全打擊
Back to Back Homerun = 連續兩棒擊出全壘打
Grand Slam = 滿壘全壘打
Solo Homerun/ Solo Shot (美俚語) = 陽春全壘打
3 Run Blast (美俚語) = 三分全壘打
Go Ahead Run = 超前分
Go Ahead Homerun = 超前分全壘打
Tied Run = 追平分
Scoring Pisition = 得點圈
Runner = 跑者
Ground Rule Double = 場外二壘打
Infield Hit = 內野安打
Line Drive = 平飛打
Infield Fly = 內野高飛球
Base Hit = 一壘安打
Off the Wall = 擊中全壘打強的球
Bunt = 觸擊短打
Squeeze Play = 以犧牲短打來使三壘跑者回本壘得分
Hit and Run = 打帶跑
Short Hop = 很近防守員的低彈跳球
Charge = 趨前防守
Diving Catch = 飛撲防守
Frozen Hit (美俚語) = 指非常強勁的穿越安打
Hit to Another Zip Code (美俚語) = 指場外全壘打
Fair = 界內
Foul = 界外
 
投手部分:
ERA/ Earned Run Average = 投手防禦率
IP/ Inning Pitched = 投球局數
CG/ Complete Game = 完投
SHO/ Shout Out = 完封
GS/ Game Started = 先發場數
DB/ Dead Ball/ HIP/ Hit by Pitch = 死球
BB/ Base Balled/ Walk/ = 四壞球
B/ Balk = 投手犯規
R/ Run = 失分
ER/ Earned Run = 自責分
SV/ Save = 救援成功
H/ 被安打(如此項統計數字在投手)
W/ Win = 勝場
L/ Lose = 敗場
Wild Pitch = 暴投
No-hitter= 無安打比賽
Perfect Game = 完全比賽
Heater (美俚語) = 指快速直球
Off Speed (美俚語) = 指慢速球
Breaking Ball (美俚語) = 指變化球
Chin Music (美俚語) = 指非常近打者頸部以上的球
Pitch Out = 牽制出局
 
其他:
adjudged 判定
appeal申訴
balk 投手犯規
base coach 跑壘指導員
batter 打擊者
batter's box 打擊區
called game 終止比賽
double header 一天連比兩場的比賽
fair ball 界內球
fielder 守備員
force play 封殺
foul tip 擦棒被捕
infield fly 內野高飛
the pitcher's pivot foot 投手軸心腳
Obstruction 妨礙跑壘
passed Ball 補逸
put Out 刺殺
protest 抗議
tag Out 觸殺
tie game 平手比賽
wild pitch 暴投 
 
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  New York Yankees'  Logo
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